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Bussey–Saksida touchscreen paradigms


Publications involving Whisker and related software

Shown below is an incomplete list of publications involving Whisker, or involving software written by Rudolf Cardinal (rudolf@pobox.com) and/or Mike Aitken (m.aitken@psychol.cam.ac.uk), the authors of Whisker. Software is listed in square brackets. (PMID: PubMed ID. PubMed IDs are valid search terms on http://www.pubmed.com. DOI: digital object identifier. If the DOI is xxx, the URL is http://dx.doi.org/xxx.)

If you discover any errors on this page, or know of any studies involving Whisker or related software that are not cited here, we would be most grateful if you would let us know by e-mailing Rudolf (rudolf@pobox.com).

Publication list created at 03:10 on 1/9/2021.

  • Cardinal RN, Aitken MRF (2010). Whisker: A client–server high-performance multimedia research control system. Behavior Research Methods 42: 1059–1071. PMID: 21139173. DOI: doi:10.3758/BRM.42.4.1059. [Reference publication for Whisker.] [PDF]


  1. Vasconcelos M, Monteiro T, Kacelnik A (2013). Context-dependent preferences in starlings: linking ecology, foraging and choice. PLoS One 8: e64934. PMID: 23705019. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064934. [Whisker.]


  1. Abela AR, Dougherty SD, Fagen ED, Hill CJ, Chudasama Y (2012). Inhibitory Control Deficits in Rats with Ventral Hippocampal Lesions. Cerebral Cortex : . PMID: 22615141. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhs121. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  2. Agustín-Pavón C, Braesicke K, Shiba Y, Santangelo AM, Mikheenko Y, Cockroft G, Asma F, Clarke H, Man MS, Roberts AC (2012). Lesions of Ventrolateral Prefrontal or Anterior Orbitofrontal Cortex in Primates Heighten Negative Emotion. Biological Psychiatry : . PMID: 22502990. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.03.007. [Whisker, custom task code.]
  3. Chudasama Y, Doobay VM, Liu Y (2012). Hippocampal-prefrontal cortical circuit mediates inhibitory response control in the rat. Journal of Neuroscience 32: 10915–10924. PMID: 22875926. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1463-12.2012. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  4. Dilleen R, Pelloux Y, Mar AC, Molander A, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ, Dalley JW, Belin D (2012). High anxiety is a predisposing endophenotype for loss of control over cocaine, but not heroin, self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology : . PMID: 22245944. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2626-4. [Whisker, ?SecondOrder.]
  5. Economidou D, Theobald DE, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ, Dalley JW (2012). Norepinephrine and Dopamine Modulate Impulsivity on the Five-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task Through Opponent Actions in the Shell and Core Sub-Regions of the Nucleus Accumbens. Neuropsychopharmacology : . PMID: 22510726. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2012.53. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  6. Giuliano C, Robbins TW, Nathan PJ, Bullmore ET, Everitt BJ (2012). Inhibition of Opioid Transmission at the μ-Opioid Receptor Prevents Both Food Seeking and Binge-Like Eating. Neuropsychopharmacology : . PMID: 22805601. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2012.128. [?Whisker, ?SecondOrder.]
  7. Gould RW, Gage HD, Nader MA (2012). Effects of Chronic Cocaine Self-Administration on Cognition and Cerebral Glucose Utilization in Rhesus Monkeys. Biological Psychiatry : . PMID: 22672928. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.05.001. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  8. Gould RW, Garg PK, Garg S, Nader MA (2012). Effects of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists on cognition in rhesus monkeys with a chronic cocaine self-administration history. Neuropharmacology : . PMID: 22921923. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2012.08.004. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  9. Jonkman S, Pelloux Y, Everitt BJ (2012). Drug Intake is Sufficient, but Conditioning is not Necessary for the Emergence of Compulsive Cocaine Seeking After Extended Self-Administration. Neuropsychopharmacology : . PMID: 22334124. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2012.6. [Whisker, SeekTake.]
  10. Jonkman S, Pelloux Y, Everitt BJ (2012). Differential roles of the dorsolateral and midlateral striatum in punished cocaine seeking. Journal of Neuroscience 32: 4645–4650. PMID: 22457510. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0348-12.2012. [Whisker, SeekTakeShock.]
  11. Murray JE, Belin D, Everitt BJ (2012). Double Dissociation of the Dorsomedial and Dorsolateral Striatal Control Over the Acquisition and Performance of Cocaine Seeking. Neuropsychopharmacology : . PMID: 22739470. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2012.104. [?Whisker, ?SeekTake.]
  12. Pelloux Y, Dilleen R, Economidou D, Theobald D, Everitt BJ (2012). Reduced Forebrain Serotonin Transmission is Causally Involved in the Development of Compulsive Cocaine Seeking in Rats. Neuropsychopharmacology : . PMID: 22763621. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2012.111. [?Whisker, ?SeekTake, ?SeekTakeShock, ?SimpleSchedules.]
  13. Prasad JA, Macgregor EM, Chudasama Y (2012). Lesions of the thalamic reuniens cause impulsive but not compulsive responses. Brain Structure & Function : . PMID: 22270811. DOI: 10.1007/s00429-012-0378-5. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  14. Rodriguez JS, Barlett TQ, Keenan KE, Nathanielsz PW, Nijland MJ (2012). Sex-Dependent Cognitive Performance in Baboon Offspring Following Maternal Caloric Restriction in Pregnancy and Lactation. Reproductive Sciences : . PMID: 22344725. DOI: 10.1177/1933719111424439. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  15. Sutcliffe J, Hutcheson D (2012). Perspectives on the Non-Human Primate Touch-Screen Self Ordered Spatial Search Paradigm. Proceedings of Measuring Behavior 2012 (eds. Spink AJ, Grieco F, Krips OE, Loijens LWS, Noldus LPJJ, Zimmerman PH) : 182–185. No PMID. URL: http://www.measuringbehavior.org/files/2012/ProceedingsPDF(website)/Special%20Sessions/The%20Development%20of%20a%20Diverse%20Battery%20of%20Behavioral%20Tasks%20Using%20Touchscreen%20Equipped%20Operant%20Boxes%20for%20the%20Study%20of%20Cognition%20in%20Rodents/Sutcliffe__Hutcheson_MB2012.pdf. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  16. Taffe MA (2012). {Delta}9tetrahydrocannabinol impairs visuo-spatial associative learning and spatial working memory in rhesus macaques. Journal of Psychopharmacology : . PMID: 22526684. DOI: 10.1177/0269881112443743. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  17. Wright MJ, Vandewate SA, Angrish D, Dickerson TJ, Taffe MA (2012). Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone, 4MMC) and d-methamphetamine improve visuo-spatial associative memory, but not spatial working memory, in rhesus macaques. British Journal of Pharmacology : . PMID: 22748013. DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02091.x. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  18. Zeamer A, Clark K, Bouquio C, Decamp E, Schneider JS (2012). Impaired spatial working memory learning and performance in normal aged rhesus monkeys. Behavioural Brain Research 232: 287–293. PMID: 22546522. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2012.04.023. [?Whisker, ?MonkeyCantab.]


  1. Agnoli L, Carli M (2011). Synergistic interaction of dopamine D₁ and glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in the rat dorsal striatum controls attention. Neuroscience 185: 39–49. PMID: 21536111. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2011.04.044. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  2. Agnoli L, Carli M (2011). Dorsal-striatal 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT (2C) receptors control impulsivity and perseverative responding in the 5-choice serial reaction Time Task. Psychopharmacology : . PMID: 22113450. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2581-0. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  3. Agustín-Pavón C, Parkinson J, Man MS, Roberts AC (2011). Contribution of the amygdala, but not orbitofrontal or medial prefrontal cortices, to the expression of flavour preferences in marmoset monkeys. European Journal of Neuroscience 34: 1006–1017. PMID: 21848920. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2011.07813.x. [Arachnid touchscreen libraries.]
  4. Bari A, Mar AC, Theobald DE, Elands SA, Oganya KC, Eagle DM, Robbins TW (2011). Prefrontal and monoaminergic contributions to stop-signal task performance in rats. Journal of Neuroscience 31: 9254–9263. PMID: 21697375. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1543-11.2011. [Whisker, custom stop-signal task.]
  5. Bussey TJ, Holmes A, Lyon L, Mar AC, McAllister KA, Nithianantharajah J, Oomen CA, Saksida LM (2011). New translational assays for preclinical modelling of cognition in schizophrenia: The touchscreen testing method for mice and rats. Neuropharmacology : . PMID: 21530550. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.04.011. [Methods paper; Bussey-Saksida suite uses Whisker.]
  6. Carli M, Calcagno E, Mainini E, Arnt J, Invernizzi RW (2011). Sertindole restores attentional performance and suppresses glutamate release induced by the NMDA receptor antagonist CPP. Psychopharmacology 214: 625–637. PMID: 21049266. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-010-2066-6. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  7. Carli M, Calcagno E, Mainolfi P, Mainini E, Invernizzi RW (2011). Effects of aripiprazole, olanzapine, and haloperidol in a model of cognitive deficit of schizophrenia in rats: relationship with glutamate release in the medial prefrontal cortex. Psychopharmacology 214: 639–652. PMID: 21052982. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-010-2065-7. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  8. Clarke HF, Hill GJ, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2011). Dopamine, but not serotonin, regulates reversal learning in the marmoset caudate nucleus. Journal of Neuroscience 31: 4290–4297. PMID: 21411670. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5066-10.2011. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  9. Crean RD, Vandewater SA, Katner SN, Huitron-Resendiz S, Taffe MA (2011). Chronic alcohol consumption impairs visuo-spatial associative memory in periadolescent rhesus monkeys. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 114: 31–40. PMID: 20951512. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.09.002. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  10. Decamp E, Clark K, Schneider JS (2011). Effects of the alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist guanfacine on attention and working memory in aged non-human primates. European Journal of Neuroscience 34: 1018–1022. PMID: 21883531. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2011.07815.x. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab?]
  11. Dunnett SB, Heuer A, Lelos M, Brooks SP, Rosser AE (2011). Bilateral striatal lesions disrupt performance in an operant delayed reinforcement task in rats. Brain Research Bulletin : . PMID: 21515345. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2011.04.002. [BNC Control (using Whisker?).]
  12. Eagle DM, Wong JC, Allan ME, Mar AC, Theobald DE, Robbins TW (2011). Contrasting roles for dopamine D1 and D2 receptor subtypes in the dorsomedial striatum but not the nucleus accumbens core during behavioral inhibition in the stop-signal task in rats. Journal of Neuroscience 31: 7349–7356. PMID: 21593319. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6182-10.2011. [Whisker, custom stop-signal task.]
  13. Economidou D, Dalley JW, Everitt BJ (2011). Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibition by atomoxetine prevents cue-induced heroin and cocaine seeking. Biological Psychiatry 69: 266–274. PMID: 21109233. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.09.040. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  14. Fernando AB, Economidou D, Theobald DE, Zou MF, Newman AH, Spoelder M, Caprioli D, Moreno M, Hipόlito L, Aspinall AT, Robbins TW, Dalley JW (2011). Modulation of high impulsivity and attentional performance in rats by selective direct and indirect dopaminergic and noradrenergic receptor agonists. Psychopharmacology : . PMID: 21761147. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2408-z. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  15. Gastambide F, Cotel MC, Gilmour G, O'Neill MJ, Robbins TW, Tricklebank MD (2011). Selective Remediation of Reversal Learning Deficits in the Neurodevelopmental MAM Model of Schizophrenia by a Novel mGlu5 Positive Allosteric Modulator. Neuropsychopharmacology : . PMID: 22129780. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2011.298. [.]
  16. Jonkman S, Everitt BJ (2011). Dorsal and ventral striatal protein synthesis inhibition affect reinforcer valuation but not the consolidation of instrumental learning. Learning and Memory 18: 617–624. PMID: 21921211. DOI: 10.1101/lm.2269911. [Whisker, operant tasks.]
  17. Lu J, Ng KC, Ling GS, Wu J, Poon JF, Kan EM, Tan MH, Wu YJ, Li P, Moochhala S, Yap E, Lee LK, Teo AL, Yeh IB, Sergio DM, Chua F, Kumar SD, Ling EA (2011). EFFECT OF BLAST EXPOSURE ON THE BRAIN STRUCTURE AND COGNITION IN THE MACACA FASCICULARIS. Journal of Neurotrauma : . PMID: 21639720. DOI: 10.1089/neu.2010.1591. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  18. Man MS, Mikheenko Y, Braesicke K, Cockcroft G, Roberts AC (2011). Serotonin at the level of the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex modulates distinct aspects of positive emotion in primates. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology : 1–15. PMID: 21726490. DOI: 10.1017/S1461145711000587. [Whisker, custom task code?]
  19. Mar AC, Walker AL, Theobald DE, Eagle DM, Robbins TW (2011). Dissociable effects of lesions to orbitofrontal cortex subregions on impulsive choice in the rat. Journal of Neuroscience 31: 6398–6404. PMID: 21525280. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6620-10.2011. [Whisker, ImpulsiveChoice.]
  20. Milton AL, Schramm MJ, Wawrzynski JR, Gore F, Oikonomou-Mpegeti F, Wang NQ, Samuel D, Economidou D, Everitt BJ (2011). Antagonism at NMDA receptors, but not β-adrenergic receptors, disrupts the reconsolidation of pavlovian conditioned approach and instrumental transfer for ethanol-associated conditioned stimuli. Psychopharmacology : . PMID: 21766171. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2399-9. [Whisker, ?PIT.]
  21. Molander AC, Mar A, Norbury A, Steventon S, Moreno M, Caprioli D, Theobald DE, Belin D, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW, Dalley JW (2011). High impulsivity predicting vulnerability to cocaine addiction in rats: some relationship with novelty preference but not novelty reactivity, anxiety or stress. Psychopharmacology 215: 721–731. PMID: 21274702. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2167-x. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  22. Murphy ER, Fernando AB, Urcelay GP, Robinson ES, Mar AC, Theobald DE, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2011). Impulsive behaviour induced by both NMDA receptor antagonism and GABA(A) receptor activation in rat ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Psychopharmacology : . PMID: 22101355. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2572-1. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  23. Murray JE, Everitt BJ, Belin D (2011). N-Acetylcysteine reduces early- and late-stage cocaine seeking without affecting cocaine taking in rats. Addiction Biology : . PMID: 21521427. DOI: 10.1111/j.1369-1600.2011.00330.x. [Whisker, SecondOrder?]
  24. Nicholls E, Ryan CM, Bryant CM, Lea SE (2011). Labeling and family resemblance in the discrimination of polymorphous categories by pigeons. Animal Cognition 14: 21–34. PMID: 20652343. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-010-0339-4. [Whisker.]
  25. Peña-Oliver Y, Buchman VL, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Schumann G, Ripley TL, King SL, Stephens DN (2011). Deletion of alpha-synuclein decreases impulsivity in mice. Genes, Brain, and Behavior : . PMID: 22142176. DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-183X.2011.00758.x. [.]
  26. Pozzi L, Baviera M, Sacchetti G, Calcagno E, Balducci C, Invernizzi RW, Carli M (2011). Attention deficit induced by blockade of N-methyl D-aspartate receptors in the prefrontal cortex is associated with enhanced glutamate release and cAMP response element binding protein phosphorylation: role of metabotropic glutamate receptors 2/3. Neuroscience 176: 336–348. PMID: 21193020. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.11.060. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  27. Pozzi L, Sacchetti G, Agnoli L, Mainolfi P, Invernizzi RW, Carli M (2011). Distinct Changes in CREB Phosphorylation in Frontal Cortex and Striatum During Contingent and Non-Contingent Performance of a Visual Attention Task. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 5: 65. PMID: 22016726. DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00065. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  28. Rodriguez JS, Zürcher NR, Bartlett TQ, Nathanielsz PW, Nijland MJ (2011). CANTAB delayed matching to sample task performance in juvenile baboons. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 196: 258–263. PMID: 21276821. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2011.01.012. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  29. Rodriguez JS, Zürcher NR, Keenan KE, Bartlett TQ, Nathanielsz PW, Nijland MJ (2011). Prenatal betamethasone exposure has sex specific effects in reversal learning and attention in juvenile baboons. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 204: 545.e1–10. PMID: 21411054. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.01.063. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  30. Ruther P, Holzhammer T, Herwik S, Rich PD, Dalley JW, Paul O, Holtzman T (2011). Compact wireless neural recording system for small animals using silicon-based probe arrays. Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 2011: 2284–2287. PMID: 22254797. DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6090575. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  31. Taffe MA, Taffe WJ (2011). Rhesus monkeys employ a procedural strategy to reduce working memory load in a self-ordered spatial search task. Brain Research 1413: 43–50. PMID: 21840507. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.07.048. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  32. Zeamer A, Decamp E, Clark K, Schneider JS (2011). Attention, executive functioning and memory in normal aged rhesus monkeys. Behavioural Brain Research 219: 23–30. PMID: 21168445. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2010.12.021. [(we believe) Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]


  1. Bari A, Theobald DE, Caprioli D, Mar AC, Aidoo-Micah A, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2010). Serotonin modulates sensitivity to reward and negative feedback in a probabilistic reversal learning task in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology 35: 1290–1301. PMID: 20107431. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2009.233. [Whisker, custom code in Visual Basic.]
  2. Besson M, Belin D, McNamara R, Theobald DE, Castel A, Beckett VL, Crittenden BM, Newman AH, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW, Dalley JW (2010). Dissociable control of impulsivity in rats by dopamine d2/3 receptors in the core and shell subregions of the nucleus accumbens. Neuropsychopharmacology 35: 560–569. PMID: 19847161. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2009.162. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  3. Boulougouris V, Robbins TW (2010). Enhancement of spatial reversal learning by 5-HT2C receptor antagonism is neuroanatomically specific. Journal of Neuroscience 30: 930–938. PMID: 20089901. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4312-09.2010. [Whisker, LeverReversals.]
  4. Cardinal RN, Aitken MR (2010). Whisker: a client-server high-performance multimedia research control system. Behavior Research Methods 42: 1059–1071. PMID: 21139173. DOI: 10.3758/BRM.42.4.1059. [Whisker reference publication, as above.]
  5. Castañé A, Theobald DE, Robbins TW (2010). Selective lesions of the dorsomedial striatum impair serial spatial reversal learning in rats. Behavioural Brain Research 210: 74–83. PMID: 20153781. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2010.02.017. [Whisker, LeverReversals.]
  6. Jonkman S, Kosaki Y, Everitt BJ, Dickinson A (2010). The role of contextual conditioning in the effect of reinforcer devaluation on instrumental performance by rats. Behavioural Processes 83: 276–281. PMID: 20060882. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2009.12.017. [Whisker, ?SimpleSchedules.]
  7. McNamara R, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ, Belin D (2010). Trait-like impulsivity does not predict escalation of heroin self-administration in the rat. Psychopharmacology 212: 453–464. PMID: 20689939. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-010-1974-9. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  8. Mikheenko Y, Man MS, Braesicke K, Johns ME, Hill G, Agustín-Pavón C, Roberts AC (2010). Autonomic, behavioral, and neural analyses of mild conditioned negative affect in marmosets. Behavioral Neuroscience 124: 192–203. PMID: 20364879. DOI: 10.1037/a0018868. [Whisker, custom task code?]
  9. Millan MJ, Buccafusco JJ, Loiseau F, Watson DJ, Decamp E, Fone KC, Thomasson-Perret N, Hill M, Mocaer E, Schneider JS (2010). The dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist, S33138, counters cognitive impairment in a range of rodent and primate procedures. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 13: 1035–1051. PMID: 20663270. DOI: 10.1017/S1461145710000775. [(we believe) Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  10. Milstein JA, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2010). Methylphenidate-induced impulsivity: pharmacological antagonism by beta-adrenoreceptor blockade. Journal of Psychopharmacology 24: 309–321. PMID: 19074531. DOI: 10.1177/0269881108098146. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  11. Nagahara AH, Bernot T, Tuszynski MH (2010). Age-related cognitive deficits in rhesus monkeys mirror human deficits on an automated test battery. Neurobiology of Aging 31: 1020–1031. PMID: 18760505. DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2008.07.007. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  12. Pozzi L, Greco B, Sacchetti G, Leoni G, Invernizzi RW, Carli M (2010). Blockade of serotonin 2A receptors prevents PCP-induced attentional performance deficit and CREB phosphorylation in the dorsal striatum of DBA/2 mice. Psychopharmacology 208: 387–399. PMID: 19997843. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-009-1738-6. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  13. Rygula R, Walker SC, Clarke HF, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2010). Differential contributions of the primate ventrolateral prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortex to serial reversal learning. Journal of Neuroscience 30: 14552–14559. PMID: 20980613. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2631-10.2010. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  14. Théberge FR, Milton AL, Belin D, Lee JL, Everitt BJ (2010). The basolateral amygdala and nucleus accumbens core mediate dissociable aspects of drug memory reconsolidation. Learning and Memory 17: 444–453. PMID: 20802017. DOI: 10.1101/lm.1757410. [Whisker, ConditionedReinforcement.]
  15. Vasconcelos M, Monteiro T, Aw J, Kacelnik A (2010). Choice in multi-alternative environments: a trial-by-trial implementation of the sequential choice model. Behavioural Processes 84: 435–439. PMID: 19948210. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2009.11.010. [Whisker, custom software.]
  16. Zürcher NR, Rodriguez JS, Jenkins SL, Keenan K, Bartlett TQ, McDonald TJ, Nathanielsz PW, Nijland MJ (2010). Performance of juvenile baboons on neuropsychological tests assessing associative learning, motivation and attention. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 188: 219–225. PMID: 20170676. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.02.011. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]


  1. Bari A, Eagle DM, Mar AC, Robinson ES, Robbins TW (2009). Dissociable effects of noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin uptake blockade on stop task performance in rats. Psychopharmacology 205: 273–283. PMID: 19404616. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-009-1537-0. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002).]
  2. Boulougouris V, Castañé A, Robbins TW (2009). Dopamine D2/D3 receptor agonist quinpirole impairs spatial reversal learning in rats: investigation of D3 receptor involvement in persistent behavior. Psychopharmacology 202: 611–620. PMID: 18836703. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-008-1341-2. [Whisker, LeverReversals.]
  3. Boulougouris V, Robbins TW (2009). Pre-surgical training ameliorates orbitofrontal-mediated impairments in spatial reversal learning. Behavioural Brain Research 197: 469–475. PMID: 18983877. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2008.10.005. [Whisker, LeverReversals.]
  4. Calcagno E, Carli M, Baviera M, Invernizzi RW (2009). Endogenous serotonin and serotonin2C receptors are involved in the ability of M100907 to suppress cortical glutamate release induced by NMDA receptor blockade. Journal of Neurochemistry 108: 521–532. PMID: 19046357. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05789.x. [Unclear; ?Whisker and FiveChoice.]
  5. Eagle DM, Lehmann O, Theobald DE, Pena Y, Zakaria R, Ghosh R, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2009). Serotonin depletion impairs waiting but not stop-signal reaction time in rats: implications for theories of the role of 5-HT in behavioral inhibition. Neuropsychopharmacology 34: 1311–1321. PMID: 19005464. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2008.202. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002).]
  6. Economidou D, Pelloux Y, Robbins TW, Dalley JW, Everitt BJ (2009). High impulsivity predicts relapse to cocaine-seeking after punishment-induced abstinence. Biological Psychiatry 65: 851–856. PMID: 19181308. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.12.008. [Whisker, FiveChoice, SeekTakeShock.]
  7. Fairchild G, van Goozen SH, Stollery SJ, Aitken MR, Savage J, Moore SC, Goodyer IM (2009). Decision making and executive function in male adolescents with early-onset or adolescence-onset conduct disorder and control subjects. Biological Psychiatry 66: 162–168. PMID: 19362293. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.02.024. [Whisker graphics functions.]
  8. Freidin E, Aw J, Kacelnik A (2009). Sequential and simultaneous choices: testing the diet selection and sequential choice models. Behavioural Processes 80: 218–223. PMID: 20522312. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2008.12.001. [Campden/ABET.]
  9. Jonkman S, Everitt BJ (2009). Post-learning infusion of anisomycin into the anterior cingulate cortex impairs instrumental acquisition through an effect on reinforcer valuation. Learning and Memory 16: 706–713. PMID: 19864297. DOI: 10.1101/lm.1497709. [Whisker, ?SimpleSchedules.]
  10. Jonkman S, Mar AC, Dickinson A, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2009). The rat prelimbic cortex mediates inhibitory response control but not the consolidation of instrumental learning. Behavioral Neuroscience 123: 875–885. PMID: 19634948. DOI: 10.1037/a0016330. [Whisker, ?SimpleSchedules.]
  11. Kehagia AA, Cools R, Barker RA, Robbins TW (2009). Switching between abstract rules reflects disease severity but not dopaminergic status in Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychologia 47: 1117–1127. PMID: 19166864. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.01.002. [Whisker serial port digital I/O.]
  12. Lea SE, Wills AJ, Leaver LA, Ryan CM, Bryant CM, Millar L (2009). A comparative analysis of the categorization of multidimensional stimuli: II. Strategic information search in humans (Homo sapiens) but not in pigeons (Columba livia). Journal of Comparative Psychology 123: 406–420. PMID: 19929109. DOI: 10.1037/a0016851. [Whisker.]
  13. Lee JL, Gardner RJ, Butler VJ, Everitt BJ (2009). D-cycloserine potentiates the reconsolidation of cocaine-associated memories. Learning and Memory 16: 82–85. PMID: 19144966. DOI: 10.1101/lm.1186609. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  14. McTighe SM, Mar AC, Romberg C, Bussey TJ, Saksida LM (2009). A new touchscreen test of pattern separation: effect of hippocampal lesions. Neuroreport 20: 881–885. PMID: 19421077. DOI: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32832c5eb2. [VB; underlying Whisker engine?]
  15. Pezze MA, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2009). Remediation of attentional dysfunction in rats with lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex by intra-accumbens administration of the dopamine D(2/3) receptor antagonist sulpiride. Psychopharmacology 202: 307–313. PMID: 18985321. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-008-1384-4. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  16. Robinson ES, Eagle DM, Economidou D, Theobald DE, Mar AC, Murphy ER, Robbins TW, Dalley JW (2009). Behavioural characterisation of high impulsivity on the 5-choice serial reaction time task: specific deficits in 'waiting' versus 'stopping'. Behavioural Brain Research 196: 310–316. PMID: 18940201. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2008.09.021. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002), LeverAutoshaping, FiveChoice.]
  17. Walker SC, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2009). Differential contributions of dopamine and serotonin to orbitofrontal cortex function in the marmoset. Cerebral Cortex 19: 889–898. PMID: 18723695. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhn136. [Signal-detection theory analytical code; Arachnid touchscreen libraries.]
  18. Walker SC, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2009). Response disengagement on a spatial self-ordered sequencing task: effects of regionally selective excitotoxic lesions and serotonin depletion within the prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 29: 6033–6041. PMID: 19420270. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0312-09.2009. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  19. Wills AJ, Lea SE, Leaver LA, Osthaus B, Ryan CM, Suret MB, Bryant CM, Chapman SJ, Millar L (2009). A comparative analysis of the categorization of multidimensional stimuli: I. Unidimensional classification does not necessarily imply analytic processing; evidence from pigeons (Columba livia), squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis), and humans (Homo sapiens). Journal of Comparative Psychology 123: 391–405. PMID: 19929108. DOI: 10.1037/a0016216. [Whisker.]


  1. Bari A, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2008). The application of the 5-choice serial reaction time task for the assessment of visual attentional processes and impulse control in rats. Nature Protocols 3: 759–767. PMID: 18451784. DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2008.41. [Describes methods; not an experimental paper.]
  2. Belin D, Everitt BJ (2008). Cocaine seeking habits depend upon dopamine-dependent serial connectivity linking the ventral with the dorsal striatum. Neuron 57: 432–441. PMID: 18255035. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.12.019. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  3. Belin D, Mar AC, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2008). High impulsivity predicts the switch to compulsive cocaine-taking. Science 320: 1352–1355. PMID: 18535246. DOI: 10.1126/science.1158136. [Whisker, ?SimpleSchedules, FiveChoice, custom task.]
  4. Boulougouris V, Glennon JC, Robbins TW (2008). Dissociable effects of selective 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptor antagonists on serial spatial reversal learning in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology 33: 2007–2019. PMID: 17957219. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301584. [Whisker, LeverReversals.]
  5. Clarke HF, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2008). Lesions of the medial striatum in monkeys produce perseverative impairments during reversal learning similar to those produced by lesions of the orbitofrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 28: 10972–10982. PMID: 18945905. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1521-08.2008. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  6. Di Ciano P (2008). Facilitated acquisition but not persistence of responding for a cocaine-paired conditioned reinforcer following sensitization with cocaine. Neuropsychopharmacology 33: 1426–1431. PMID: 17712346. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301542. [Whisker, ConditionedReinforcement.]
  7. Di Ciano P (2008). Drug seeking under a second-order schedule of reinforcement depends on dopamine D3 receptors in the basolateral amygdala. Behavioral Neuroscience 122: 129–139. PMID: 18298256. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.122.1.129. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  8. Di Ciano P (2008). Distinct contributions of dopamine receptors in the nucleus accumbens core or shell to established cocaine reinforcement under a second-order schedule. European Neuropsychopharmacology 18: 888–896. PMID: 18760571. DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2008.07.007. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  9. Di Ciano P, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2008). Differential effects of nucleus accumbens core, shell, or dorsal striatal inactivations on the persistence, reacquisition, or reinstatement of responding for a drug-paired conditioned reinforcer. Neuropsychopharmacology 33: 1413–1425. PMID: 17712353. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301522. [Whisker, ConditionedReinforcement.]
  10. Eagle DM, Bari A, Robbins TW (2008). The neuropsychopharmacology of action inhibition: cross-species translation of the stop-signal and go/no-go tasks. Psychopharmacology 199: 439–456. PMID: 18542931. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-008-1127-6. [?Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002) (for unpublished data shown in fig 2b).]
  11. Eagle DM, Baunez C, Hutcheson DM, Lehmann O, Shah AP, Robbins TW (2008). Stop-signal reaction-time task performance: role of prefrontal cortex and subthalamic nucleus. Cerebral Cortex 18: 178–188. PMID: 17517682. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhm044. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task (by Eagle DM & England JMC).]
  12. Hauser J, Knapman A, Zürcher NR, Pilloud S, Maier C, Diaz-Heijtz R, Forssberg H, Dettling A, Feldon J, Pryce CR (2008). Effects of prenatal dexamethasone treatment on physical growth, pituitary-adrenal hormones, and performance of motor, motivational, and cognitive tasks in juvenile and adolescent common marmoset monkeys. Endocrinology 149: 6343–6355. PMID: 18755792. DOI: 10.1210/en.2008-0615. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  13. Ito R, Robbins TW, Pennartz CM, Everitt BJ (2008). Functional interaction between the hippocampus and nucleus accumbens shell is necessary for the acquisition of appetitive spatial context conditioning. Journal of Neuroscience 28: 6950–6959. PMID: 18596169. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1615-08.2008. [Whisker, Y-maze task.]
  14. Lee JL (2008). Memory reconsolidation mediates the strengthening of memories by additional learning. Nature Neuroscience 11: 1264–1266. PMID: 18849987. DOI: 10.1038/nn.2205. [Same methods as PMID 15817185.]
  15. Lee JL, Everitt BJ (2008). Appetitive memory reconsolidation depends upon NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 90: 147–154. PMID: 18372198. DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2008.02.004. [Methods referred to Hellemans (PMID 16492121); Whisker, ?ConditionedReinforcement.]
  16. Lee JL, Everitt BJ (2008). Reactivation-dependent amnesia for appetitive memories is determined by the contingency of stimulus presentation. Learning and Memory 15: 390–393. PMID: 18509112. DOI: 10.1101/lm.976108. [Methods not given in detail but as for Hellemans 2006 PMID 16492121, implying Whisker, CondWithdrawal, SeekTake; also ?ConditionedReinforcement.]
  17. Lee JL, Everitt BJ (2008). Reactivation-dependent amnesia in Pavlovian approach and instrumental transfer. Learning and Memory 15: 597–602. PMID: 18685151. DOI: 10.1101/lm.1029808. [Whisker, PIT, LeverAutoshaping.]
  18. Milton AL, Lee JL, Butler VJ, Gardner R, Everitt BJ (2008). Intra-amygdala and systemic antagonism of NMDA receptors prevents the reconsolidation of drug-associated memory and impairs subsequently both novel and previously acquired drug-seeking behaviors. Journal of Neuroscience 28: 8230–8237. PMID: 18701685. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1723-08.2008. [Whisker, ?ConditionedReinforcement.]
  19. Milton AL, Lee JL, Everitt BJ (2008). Reconsolidation of appetitive memories for both natural and drug reinforcement is dependent on {beta}-adrenergic receptors. Learning and Memory 15: 88–92. PMID: 18235109. DOI: 10.1101/lm.825008. [Whisker, SecondOrder, ?ConditionedReinforcement.]
  20. Mui R, Haselgrove M, Pearce J, Heyes C (2008). Automatic imitation in budgerigars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 275: 2547–2553. PMID: 18664439. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0566. [Whisker, custom Visual Basic code.]
  21. Murphy ER, Robinson ES, Theobald DE, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2008). Contrasting effects of selective lesions of nucleus accumbens core or shell on inhibitory control and amphetamine-induced impulsive behaviour. European Journal of Neuroscience 28: 353–363. PMID: 18702706. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06309.x. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  22. Reekie YL, Braesicke K, Man MS, Roberts AC (2008). Uncoupling of behavioral and autonomic responses after lesions of the primate orbitofrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105: 9787–9792. PMID: 18621690. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0800417105. [Whisker, custom task code?]
  23. Robinson ES, Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Glennon JC, Pezze MA, Murphy ER, Robbins TW (2008). Opposing roles for 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors in the nucleus accumbens on inhibitory response control in the 5-choice serial reaction time task. Neuropsychopharmacology 33: 2398–2406. PMID: 18046307. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301636. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  24. Robinson ES, Eagle DM, Mar AC, Bari A, Banerjee G, Jiang X, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2008). Similar effects of the selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor atomoxetine on three distinct forms of impulsivity in the rat. Neuropsychopharmacology 33: 1028–1037. PMID: 17637611. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301487. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002), FiveChoice, delay discounting training program by Mar AC, ImpulsiveChoice.]
  25. Weed MR, Bryant R, Perry S (2008). Cognitive development in macaques: attentional set-shifting in juvenile and adult rhesus monkeys. Neuroscience 157: 22–28. PMID: 18805462. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.08.047. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]


  1. Baunez C, Christakou A, Chudasama Y, Forni C, Robbins TW (2007). Bilateral high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus on attentional performance: transient deleterious effects and enhanced motivation in both intact and parkinsonian rats. European Journal of Neuroscience 25: 1187–1194. PMID: 17331214. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2007.05373.x. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  2. Boulougouris V, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2007). Effects of orbitofrontal, infralimbic and prelimbic cortical lesions on serial spatial reversal learning in the rat. Behavioural Brain Research 179: 219–228. PMID: 17337305. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2007.02.005. [Whisker.]
  3. Clarke HF, Walker SC, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2007). Cognitive inflexibility after prefrontal serotonin depletion is behaviorally and neurochemically specific. Cerebral Cortex 17: 18–27. PMID: 16481566. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhj120. [Signal-detection theory analytical code only.]
  4. Dalley JW, Fryer TD, Brichard L, Robinson ES, Theobald DE, Lääne K, Peña Y, Murphy ER, Shah Y, Probst K, Abakumova I, Aigbirhio FI, Richards HK, Hong Y, Baron JC, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW (2007). Nucleus accumbens D2/3 receptors predict trait impulsivity and cocaine reinforcement. Science 315: 1267–1270. PMID: 17332411. DOI: 10.1126/science.1137073. [Whisker, FiveChoice, SimpleSchedules.]
  5. Dalley JW, Lääne K, Theobald DE, Peña Y, Bruce CC, Huszar AC, Wojcieszek M, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW (2007). Enduring deficits in sustained visual attention during withdrawal of intravenous methylenedioxymethamphetamine self-administration in rats: results from a comparative study with d-amphetamine and methamphetamine. Neuropsychopharmacology 32: 1195–1206. PMID: 17035931. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301220. [Whisker, FiveChoice, SecondOrder.]
  6. de Wit S, Niry D, Wariyar R, Aitken MR, Dickinson A (2007). Stimulus-outcome interactions during instrumental discrimination learning by rats and humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 33: 1–11. PMID: 17227190. DOI: 10.1037/0097-7403.33.1.1. [Whisker, Visual Basic custom task by Mike Aitken.]
  7. Di Ciano P, Benham-Hermetz J, Fogg AP, Osborne GE (2007). Role of the prelimbic cortex in the acquisition, re-acquisition or persistence of responding for a drug-paired conditioned reinforcer. Neuroscience 150: 291–298. PMID: 17942235. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2007.09.016. [Whisker, ConditionedReinforcement.]
  8. Eagle DM, Tufft MR, Goodchild HL, Robbins TW (2007). Differential effects of modafinil and methylphenidate on stop-signal reaction time task performance in the rat, and interactions with the dopamine receptor antagonist cis-flupenthixol. Psychopharmacology 192: 193–206. PMID: 17277934. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-007-0701-7. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task (by Eagle & England).]
  9. Mar AC, Robbins TW (2007). Delay discounting and impulsive choice in the rat. Current Protocols in Neuroscience Chapter 8: Unit 8.22. PMID: 18428665. DOI: 10.1002/0471142301.ns0822s39. [Methods paper: describes protocols including the use of Whisker-based delay discounting tasks, such as ImpulsiveChoice.]
  10. Milstein JA, Lehmann O, Theobald DE, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2007). Selective depletion of cortical noradrenaline by anti-dopamine beta-hydroxylase-saporin impairs attentional function and enhances the effects of guanfacine in the rat. Psychopharmacology 190: 51–63. PMID: 17096085. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0594-x. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  11. Pelloux Y, Everitt BJ, Dickinson A (2007). Compulsive drug seeking by rats under punishment: effects of drug taking history. Psychopharmacology 194: 127–137. PMID: 17514480. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-007-0805-0. [Whisker, SeekTakeShock.]
  12. Pezze MA, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2007). Differential roles of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the nucleus accumbens in attentional performance on the five-choice serial reaction time task. Neuropsychopharmacology 32: 273–283. PMID: 16641946. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301073. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]


  1. de Wit S, Kosaki Y, Balleine BW, Dickinson A (2006). Dorsomedial prefrontal cortex resolves response conflict in rats. Journal of Neuroscience 26: 5224–5229. PMID: 16687514. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5175-05.2006. [Whisker, Visual Basic custom task.]
  2. Hellemans KG, Dickinson A, Everitt BJ (2006). Motivational control of heroin seeking by conditioned stimuli associated with withdrawal and heroin taking by rats. Behavioral Neuroscience 120: 103–114. PMID: 16492121. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.120.1.103. [Whisker, CondWithdrawal, SeekTake.]
  3. Hellemans KG, Everitt BJ, Lee JL (2006). Disrupting reconsolidation of conditioned withdrawal memories in the basolateral amygdala reduces suppression of heroin seeking in rats. Journal of Neuroscience 26: 12694–12699. PMID: 17151272. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3101-06.2006. [Whisker, CondWithdrawal, SeekTake.]
  4. Ito R, Robbins TW, McNaughton BL, Everitt BJ (2006). Selective excitotoxic lesions of the hippocampus and basolateral amygdala have dissociable effects on appetitive cue and place conditioning based on path integration in a novel Y-maze procedure. European Journal of Neuroscience 23: 3071–3080. PMID: 16819997. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04883.x. [Whisker, Y-maze task.]
  5. Lee JL, Milton AL, Everitt BJ (2006). Cue-induced cocaine seeking and relapse are reduced by disruption of drug memory reconsolidation. Journal of Neuroscience 26: 5881–5887. PMID: 16738229. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0323-06.2006. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  6. Spinelli S, Ballard T, Feldon J, Higgins GA, Pryce CR (2006). Enhancing effects of nicotine and impairing effects of scopolamine on distinct aspects of performance in computerized attention and working memory tasks in marmoset monkeys. Neuropharmacology 51: 238–250. PMID: 16678864. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2006.03.012. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  7. Stevens D, Scott EA, Bowditch AP, Griffiths GD, Pearce PC (2006). Multiple vaccine and pyridostigmine interactions: effects on cognition, muscle function and health outcomes in marmosets. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 84: 207–218. PMID: 16806443. DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2006.04.020. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  8. Talpos JC, Wilkinson LS, Robbins TW (2006). A comparison of multiple 5-HT receptors in two tasks measuring impulsivity. Journal of Psychopharmacology 20: 47–58. PMID: 16204332. DOI: 10.1177/0269881105056639. [Whisker, FiveChoice, ImpulsiveChoice.]
  9. Von Huben SN, Davis SA, Lay CC, Katner SN, Crean RD, Taffe MA (2006). Differential contributions of dopaminergic D1- and D2-like receptors to cognitive function in rhesus monkeys. Psychopharmacology 188: 586–596. PMID: 16538469. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0347-x. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  10. Williams KE, Mann TM, Chamberlain S, Smith A, Wilson S, Griffiths GD, Bowditch AP, Scott EA, Pearce PC (2006). Multiple vaccine and pyridostigmine interactions: effects on EEG and sleep in the common marmoset. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 84: 282–293. PMID: 16828151. DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2006.05.011. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  11. Winstanley CA, Theobald DE, Dalley JW, Cardinal RN, Robbins TW (2006). Double dissociation between serotonergic and dopaminergic modulation of medial prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortex during a test of impulsive choice. Cerebral Cortex 16: 106–114. PMID: 15829733. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhi088. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN, EVPROB, EVFIXED.]


  1. Cardinal RN, Cheung TH (2005). Nucleus accumbens core lesions retard instrumental learning and performance with delayed reinforcement in the rat. BMC Neuroscience 6: 9. PMID: 15691387. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-6-9. [Whisker, ImpulsiveChoice, SimpleSchedules.]
  2. Cardinal RN, Howes NJ (2005). Effects of lesions of the nucleus accumbens core on choice between small certain rewards and large uncertain rewards in rats. BMC Neuroscience 6: 37. PMID: 15921529. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-6-37. [Whisker, ImpulsiveChoice.]
  3. Cheung TH, Cardinal RN (2005). Hippocampal lesions facilitate instrumental learning with delayed reinforcement but induce impulsive choice in rats. BMC Neuroscience 6: 36. PMID: 15892889. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-6-36. [Whisker, ImpulsiveChoice, SimpleSchedules.]
  4. Christakou A, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2005). Prolonged neglect following unilateral disruption of a prefrontal cortical-dorsal striatal system. European Journal of Neuroscience 21: 782–792. PMID: 15733096. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.03892.x. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  5. Chudasama Y, Nathwani F, Robbins TW (2005). D-Amphetamine remediates attentional performance in rats with dorsal prefrontal lesions. Behavioural Brain Research 158: 97–107. PMID: 15680198. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2004.08.011. [Arachnid: CAM task.]
  6. Clarke HF, Walker SC, Crofts HS, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2005). Prefrontal serotonin depletion affects reversal learning but not attentional set shifting. Journal of Neuroscience 25: 532–538. PMID: 15647499. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3690-04.2005. [Signal-detection theory analytical code only.]
  7. Dalley JW, Lääne K, Pena Y, Theobald DE, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW (2005). Attentional and motivational deficits in rats withdrawn from intravenous self-administration of cocaine or heroin. Psychopharmacology 182: 579–587. PMID: 16047195. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-005-0107-3. [Whisker, FiveChoice, SimpleSchedules.]
  8. Dalley JW, Lääne K, Theobald DE, Armstrong HC, Corlett PR, Chudasama Y, Robbins TW (2005). Time-limited modulation of appetitive Pavlovian memory by D1 and NMDA receptors in the nucleus accumbens. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102: 6189–6194. PMID: 15833811. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0502080102. [Whisker, VisualAutoshaping.]
  9. Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Berry D, Milstein JA, Lääne K, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW (2005). Cognitive sequelae of intravenous amphetamine self-administration in rats: evidence for selective effects on attentional performance. Neuropsychopharmacology 30: 525–537. PMID: 15508024. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300590. [Whisker, FiveChoice, SimpleSchedules.]
  10. Isles AR, Hathway GJ, Humby T, de la Riva C, Kendrick KM, Wilkinson LS (2005). An mTph2 SNP gives rise to alterations in extracellular 5-HT levels, but not in performance on a delayed-reinforcement task. European Journal of Neuroscience 22: 997–1000. PMID: 16115223. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04265.x. [Arachnid code derived from CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN, EVNODEL and used in nine-hole boxes.]
  11. Ito R, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW (2005). The hippocampus and appetitive Pavlovian conditioning: effects of excitotoxic hippocampal lesions on conditioned locomotor activity and autoshaping. Hippocampus 15: 713–721. PMID: 15906393. DOI: 10.1002/hipo.20094. [Whisker, VisualAutoshaping.]
  12. Lee JL, Di Ciano P, Thomas KL, Everitt BJ (2005). Disrupting reconsolidation of drug memories reduces cocaine-seeking behavior. Neuron 47: 795–801. PMID: 16157275. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2005.08.007. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  13. Lee JL, Dickinson A, Everitt BJ (2005). Conditioned suppression and freezing as measures of aversive Pavlovian conditioning: effects of discrete amygdala lesions and overtraining. Behavioural Brain Research 159: 221–233. PMID: 15817185. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2004.11.003. [Arachnid: code by MRFA.]
  14. Murphy ER, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2005). Local glutamate receptor antagonism in the rat prefrontal cortex disrupts response inhibition in a visuospatial attentional task. Psychopharmacology 179: 99–107. PMID: 15678364. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-004-2068-3. [Whisker, FiveChoice.]
  15. Parkinson JA, Roberts AC, Everitt BJ, Di Ciano P (2005). Acquisition of instrumental conditioned reinforcement is resistant to the devaluation of the unconditioned stimulus. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology B 58: 19–30. PMID: 15844375. DOI: 10.1080/02724990444000023. [Whisker, ConditionedReinforcement.]
  16. Spinelli S, Ballard T, Gatti-McArthur S, Richards GJ, Kapps M, Woltering T, Wichmann J, Stadler H, Feldon J, Pryce CR (2005). Effects of the mGluR2/3 agonist LY354740 on computerized tasks of attention and working memory in marmoset monkeys. Psychopharmacology 179: 292–302. PMID: 15678362. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-004-2126-x. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  17. Vanderschuren LJ, Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2005). Involvement of the dorsal striatum in cue-controlled cocaine seeking. Journal of Neuroscience 25: 8665–8670. PMID: 16177034. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0925-05.2005. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  18. Winstanley CA, Baunez C, Theobald DE, Robbins TW (2005). Lesions to the subthalamic nucleus decrease impulsive choice but impair autoshaping in rats: the importance of the basal ganglia in Pavlovian conditioning and impulse control. European Journal of Neuroscience 21: 3107–3116. PMID: 15978020. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04143.x. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN. Whisker, VisualAutoshaping.]
  19. Winstanley CA, Theobald DE, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2005). Interactions between serotonin and dopamine in the control of impulsive choice in rats: therapeutic implications for impulse control disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology 30: 669–682. PMID: 15688093. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300610. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN.]


  1. Christakou A, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2004). Prefrontal cortical-ventral striatal interactions involved in affective modulation of attentional performance: implications for corticostriatal circuit function. Journal of Neuroscience 24: 773–780. PMID: 14749421. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0949-03.2004. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  2. Chudasama Y, Dalley JW, Nathwani F, Bouger P, Robbins TW, Nathwani F (2004). Cholinergic modulation of visual attention and working memory: dissociable effects of basal forebrain 192-IgG-saporin lesions and intraprefrontal infusions of scopolamine. Learning and Memory 11: 78–86. PMID: 14747520. DOI: 10.1101/lm.70904. [Arachnid: CAM task.]
  3. Chudasama Y, Robbins TW (2004). Dopaminergic modulation of visual attention and working memory in the rodent prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychopharmacology 29: 1628–1636. PMID: 15138446. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300490. [Arachnid: CAM task.]
  4. Clarke HF, Dalley JW, Crofts HS, Robbins TW, Roberts AC (2004). Cognitive inflexibility after prefrontal serotonin depletion. Science 304: 878–880. PMID: 15131308. DOI: 10.1126/science.1094987. [Signal-detection theory analytical code only.]
  5. Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Bouger P, Chudasama Y, Cardinal RN, Robbins TW (2004). Cortical cholinergic function and deficits in visual attentional performance in rats following 192 IgG-saporin-induced lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex. Cerebral Cortex 14: 922–932. PMID: 15084496. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhh052. [Arachnid: five-choice task allowing training with only one hole per session.]
  6. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2004). Contribution of the ventral tegmental area to cocaine-seeking maintained by a drug-paired conditioned stimulus in rats. European Journal of Neuroscience 19: 1661–1667. PMID: 15066162. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03232.x. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  7. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2004). Direct interactions between the basolateral amygdala and nucleus accumbens core underlie cocaine-seeking behavior by rats. Journal of Neuroscience 24: 7167–7173. PMID: 15306650. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1581-04.2004. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  8. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2004). Conditioned reinforcing properties of stimuli paired with self-administered cocaine, heroin or sucrose: implications for the persistence of addictive behaviour. Neuropharmacology 47 Suppl 1: 202–213. PMID: 15464138. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2004.06.005. [Whisker, ConditionedReinforcement.]
  9. Isles AR, Humby T, Walters E, Wilkinson LS (2004). Common genetic effects on variation in impulsivity and activity in mice. Journal of Neuroscience 24: 6733–6740. PMID: 15282276. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1650-04.2004. [Arachnid code derived from CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN, EVNODEL and used in nine-hole boxes.]
  10. Ito R, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2004). Differential control over cocaine-seeking behavior by nucleus accumbens core and shell. Nature Neuroscience 7: 389–397. PMID: 15034590. DOI: 10.1038/nn1217. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  11. Liu YP, Wilkinson LS, Robbins TW (2004). Effects of acute and chronic buspirone on impulsive choice and efflux of 5-HT and dopamine in hippocampus, nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex. Psychopharmacology 173: 175–185. PMID: 14726995. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1726-1. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN.]
  12. Pryce CR, Dettling AC, Spengler M, Schnell CR, Feldon J (2004). Deprivation of parenting disrupts development of homeostatic and reward systems in marmoset monkey offspring. Biological Psychiatry 56: 72–79. PMID: 15231438. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.05.002. [May have used Whisker and MonkeyCantab, or possibly a previous non-Whisker version; unclear.]
  13. Spinelli S, Pennanen L, Dettling AC, Feldon J, Higgins GA, Pryce CR (2004). Performance of the marmoset monkey on computerized tasks of attention and working memory. Cognitive Brain Research 19: 123–137. PMID: 15019709. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2003.11.007. [Whisker, MonkeyCantab.]
  14. Vanderschuren LJ, Everitt BJ (2004). Drug seeking becomes compulsive after prolonged cocaine self-administration. Science 305: 1017–1019. PMID: 15310907. DOI: 10.1126/science.1098975. [Whisker, SeekTake, FearCond.]
  15. Winstanley CA, Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Robbins TW (2004). Fractionating impulsivity: contrasting effects of central 5-HT depletion on different measures of impulsive behavior. Neuropsychopharmacology 29: 1331–1343. PMID: 15054475. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300434. [Arachnid: five-choice task allowing training with only one hole per session, CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN. Whisker, VisualAutoshaping.]
  16. Winstanley CA, Theobald DE, Cardinal RN, Robbins TW (2004). Contrasting roles of basolateral amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex in impulsive choice. Journal of Neuroscience 24: 4718–4722. PMID: 15152031. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5606-03.2004. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN.]
  17. Winstanley CA, Theobald DE, Dalley JW, Glennon JC, Robbins TW (2004). 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptor antagonists have opposing effects on a measure of impulsivity: interactions with global 5-HT depletion. Psychopharmacology 176: 376–385. PMID: 15232674. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-004-1884-9. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]


  1. Cardinal RN, Parkinson JA, Marbini HD, Toner AJ, Bussey TJ, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2003). Role of the anterior cingulate cortex in the control over behavior by Pavlovian conditioned stimuli in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience 117: 566–587. PMID: 12802885. [Arachnid: DISCAP, CRF, PIT-SIMP, 2-CRF, 2-DISCAP.]
  2. Chudasama Y, Baunez C, Robbins TW (2003). Functional disconnection of the medial prefrontal cortex and subthalamic nucleus in attentional performance: evidence for corticosubthalamic interaction. Journal of Neuroscience 23: 5477–5485. PMID: 12843247. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  3. Chudasama Y, Passetti F, Rhodes SE, Lopian D, Desai A, Robbins TW (2003). Dissociable aspects of performance on the 5-choice serial reaction time task following lesions of the dorsal anterior cingulate, infralimbic and orbitofrontal cortex in the rat: differential effects on selectivity, impulsivity and compulsivity. Behavioural Brain Research 146: 105–119. PMID: 14643464. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  4. Chudasama Y, Robbins TW (2003). Dissociable contributions of the orbitofrontal and infralimbic cortex to pavlovian autoshaping and discrimination reversal learning: further evidence for the functional heterogeneity of the rodent frontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 23: 8771–8780. PMID: 14507977. [Arachnid: AUTOSHAP; signal-detection theory analytical code; also Arachnid simple discrimination/reversal code, but YC wrote much of this.]
  5. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2003). The GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen attenuates cocaine- and heroin-seeking behavior by rats. Neuropsychopharmacology 28: 510–518. PMID: 12629530. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300088. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  6. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2003). Differential control over drug-seeking behavior by drug-associated conditioned reinforcers and discriminative stimuli predictive of drug availability. Behavioral Neuroscience 117: 952–960. PMID: 14570545. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.117.5.952. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  7. Di Ciano P, Underwood RJ, Hagan JJ, Everitt BJ (2003). Attenuation of cue-controlled cocaine-seeking by a selective D3 dopamine receptor antagonist SB-277011-A. Neuropsychopharmacology 28: 329–338. PMID: 12589386. DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300148. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  8. Eagle DM, Robbins TW (2003). Lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex or nucleus accumbens core do not impair inhibitory control in rats performing a stop-signal reaction time task. Behavioural Brain Research 146: 131–144. PMID: 14643466. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002).]
  9. Eagle DM, Robbins TW (2003). Inhibitory control in rats performing a stop-signal reaction-time task: effects of lesions of the medial striatum and d-amphetamine. Behavioral Neuroscience 117: 1302–1317. PMID: 14674849. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.117.6.1302. [Whisker, Cambridge Stop Task by Eagle DM & England JMC (2002).]
  10. Hutcheson DM, Everitt BJ (2003). The effects of selective orbitofrontal cortex lesions on the acquisition and performance of cue-controlled cocaine seeking in rats. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1003: 410–411. PMID: 14684474. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  11. Isles AR, Humby T, Wilkinson LS (2003). Measuring impulsivity in mice using a novel operant delayed reinforcement task: effects of behavioural manipulations and d-amphetamine. Psychopharmacology 170: 376–382. PMID: 12955301. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1551-6. [Arachnid code derived from CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN, EVNODEL and used in nine-hole boxes.]
  12. Miles FJ, Everitt BJ, Dickinson A (2003). Oral cocaine seeking by rats: action or habit? Behavioral Neuroscience 117: 927–938. PMID: 14570543. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.117.5.927. [Arachnid: TESTEXT.]
  13. Passetti F, Dalley JW, Robbins TW (2003). Double dissociation of serotonergic and dopaminergic mechanisms on attentional performance using a rodent five-choice reaction time task. Psychopharmacology 165: 136–145. PMID: 12420150. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-002-1227-7. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  14. Passetti F, Levita L, Robbins TW (2003). Sulpiride alleviates the attentional impairments of rats with medial prefrontal cortex lesions. Behavioural Brain Research 138: 59–69. PMID: 12493630. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  15. Pears A, Parkinson JA, Hopewell L, Everitt BJ, Roberts AC (2003). Lesions of the orbitofrontal but not medial prefrontal cortex disrupt conditioned reinforcement in primates. Journal of Neuroscience 23: 11189–11201. PMID: 14657178. [Arachnid: touchscreen libraries only.]
  16. Winstanley CA, Chudasama Y, Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Glennon JC, Robbins TW (2003). Intra-prefrontal 8-OH-DPAT and M100907 improve visuospatial attention and decrease impulsivity on the five-choice serial reaction time task in rats. Psychopharmacology 167: 304–314. PMID: 12677356. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1398-x. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  17. Winstanley CA, Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Robbins TW (2003). Global 5-HT depletion attenuates the ability of amphetamine to decrease impulsive choice on a delay-discounting task in rats. Psychopharmacology 170: 320–331. PMID: 12955303. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1546-3. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN.]


  1. Cardinal RN, Daw N, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2002). Local analysis of behaviour in the adjusting-delay task for assessing choice of delayed reinforcement. Neural Networks 15: 617–634. PMID: 12371516. [Arachnid: ADJDELAY.]
  2. Dalley JW, Chudasama Y, Theobald DE, Pettifer CL, Fletcher CM, Robbins TW (2002). Nucleus accumbens dopamine and discriminated approach learning: interactive effects of 6-hydroxydopamine lesions and systemic apomorphine administration. Psychopharmacology 161: 425–433. PMID: 12073171. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-002-1078-2. [Arachnid: AUTOSHAP.]
  3. Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Eagle DM, Passetti F, Robbins TW (2002). Deficits in impulse control associated with tonically-elevated serotonergic function in rat prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychopharmacology 26: 716–728. PMID: 12007742. DOI: 10.1016/S0893-133X(01)00412-2. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  4. Dalley JW, Theobald DE, Pereira EA, Li PM, Robbins TW (2002). Specific abnormalities in serotonin release in the prefrontal cortex of isolation-reared rats measured during behavioural performance of a task assessing visuospatial attention and impulsivity. Psychopharmacology 164: 329–340. PMID: 12424557. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-002-1215-y. [Arachnid: five-choice task with white noise option.]
  5. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2002). Reinstatement and spontaneous recovery of cocaine-seeking following extinction and different durations of withdrawal. Behavioural Pharmacology 13: 397–405. PMID: 12394416. [Whisker, SecondOrder, PIT.]
  6. Ito R, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2002). Dopamine release in the dorsal striatum during cocaine-seeking behavior under the control of a drug-associated cue. Journal of Neuroscience 22: 6247–6253. PMID: 12122083. DOI: 20026606. [Whisker, DialysisStimuli, ?SecondOrder.]
  7. McGaughy J, Dalley JW, Morrison CH, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW (2002). Selective behavioral and neurochemical effects of cholinergic lesions produced by intrabasalis infusions of 192 IgG-saporin on attentional performance in a five-choice serial reaction time task. Journal of Neuroscience 22: 1905–1913. PMID: 11880520. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  8. Passetti F, Chudasama Y, Robbins TW (2002). The frontal cortex of the rat and visual attentional performance: dissociable functions of distinct medial prefrontal subregions. Cerebral Cortex 12: 1254–1268. PMID: 12427677. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]


  1. Alderson HL, Parkinson JA, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2001). The effects of excitotoxic lesions of the nucleus accumbens core or shell regions on intravenous heroin self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology 153: 455–463. PMID: 11243493. [Probably used RNC's IVSA analysis kit.]
  2. Cardinal RN, Pennicott DR, Sugathapala CL, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2001). Impulsive choice induced in rats by lesions of the nucleus accumbens core. Science 292: 2499–2501. PMID: 11375482. DOI: 10.1126/science.1060818. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN, EVNODEL.]
  3. Christakou A, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2001). Functional disconnection of a prefrontal cortical-dorsal striatal system disrupts choice reaction time performance: implications for attentional function. Behavioral Neuroscience 115: 812–825. PMID: 11508720. [Arachnid: five-choice task.]
  4. Dalley JW, McGaughy J, O'Connell MT, Cardinal RN, Levita L, Robbins TW (2001). Distinct changes in cortical acetylcholine and noradrenaline efflux during contingent and noncontingent performance of a visual attentional task. Journal of Neuroscience 21: 4908–4914. PMID: 11425918. [Arachnid: 5CHYOK.]
  5. Di Ciano P, Cardinal RN, Cowell RA, Little SJ, Everitt BJ (2001). Differential involvement of NMDA, AMPA/kainate, and dopamine receptors in the nucleus accumbens core in the acquisition and performance of pavlovian approach behavior. Journal of Neuroscience 21: 9471–9477. PMID: 11717381. [Whisker, LeverAutoshaping.]
  6. Di Ciano P, Everitt BJ (2001). Dissociable effects of antagonism of NMDA and AMPA/KA receptors in the nucleus accumbens core and shell on cocaine-seeking behavior. Neuropsychopharmacology 25: 341–360. PMID: 11522463. DOI: 10.1016/S0893-133X(01)00235-4. [Whisker, SecondOrder.]
  7. Hutcheson DM, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW, Dickinson A (2001). The role of withdrawal in heroin addiction: enhances reward or promotes avoidance? Nature Neuroscience 4: 943–947. PMID: 11528427. DOI: 10.1038/nn0901-943. [Whisker, SeekTake.]
  8. Hutcheson DM, Parkinson JA, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2001). The effects of nucleus accumbens core and shell lesions on intravenous heroin self-administration and the acquisition of drug-seeking behaviour under a second-order schedule of heroin reinforcement. Psychopharmacology 153: 464–472. PMID: 11243494. [Data analysis tools only.]
  9. Parkinson JA, Crofts HS, McGuigan M, Tomic DL, Everitt BJ, Roberts AC (2001). The role of the primate amygdala in conditioned reinforcement. Journal of Neuroscience 21: 7770–7780. PMID: 11567067. [Arachnid: touchscreen libraries only.]


  1. Alderson HL, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2000). The effects of excitotoxic lesions of the basolateral amygdala on the acquisition of heroin-seeking behaviour in rats. Psychopharmacology 153: 111–119. PMID: 11255921. [Probably used RNC's IVSA analysis kit.]
  2. Alderson HL, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2000). Heroin self-administration under a second-order schedule of reinforcement: acquisition and maintenance of heroin-seeking behaviour in rats. Psychopharmacology 153: 120–133. PMID: 11255922. [Probably used RNC's IVSA analysis kit.]
  3. Cardinal RN, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2000). The effects of d-amphetamine, chlordiazepoxide, alpha-flupenthixol and behavioural manipulations on choice of signalled and unsignalled delayed reinforcement in rats. Psychopharmacology 152: 362–375. PMID: 11140328. [Arachnid: CAPTRAIN, DTRAIN, EVENDEN, EVNODEL.]
  4. Ito R, Dalley JW, Howes SR, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2000). Dissociation in conditioned dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens core and shell in response to cocaine cues and during cocaine-seeking behavior in rats. Journal of Neuroscience 20: 7489–7495. PMID: 11007908. [Whisker, DialysisStimuli, ?SecondOrder.]

Summary of publications listed above by journal

Addiction Biology
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Animal Cognition
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Behavior Research Methods
Behavioral Neuroscience
Behavioural Brain Research
Behavioural Pharmacology
Behavioural Processes
Biological Psychiatry
BMC Neuroscience
Brain Research
Brain Research Bulletin
Brain Structure & Function
British Journal of Pharmacology
Cerebral Cortex
Cognitive Brain Research
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology
Current Protocols in Neuroscience
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
European Journal of Neuroscience
European Neuropsychopharmacology
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Genes, Brain, and Behavior
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Journal of Comparative Psychology
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
Journal of Neurochemistry
Journal of Neuroscience
Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Journal of Neurotrauma
Journal of Psychopharmacology
Learning and Memory
Nature Neuroscience
Nature Protocols
Neural Networks
Neurobiology of Aging
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
PLoS One
Proceedings of Measuring Behavior 2012 (eds. Spink AJ, Grieco F, Krips OE, Loijens LWS, Noldus LPJJ, Zimmerman PH)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology B
Reproductive Sciences

Articles as yet unclassified: 521